The main languages spoken are Swahili and English. Locals appreciate any Swahili you can speak!
The local currency is Tanzanian shillings. U.S. dollars, Euros, and credit cards may be accepted by larger stores and hotels, but the exchange rate is better with shillings. ATM's are only available in larger towns like Moshi and Arusha.
US$100 bills must be 2003 or later, or they will not be accepted. For travellers cheques, there is often a $1/cheque fee, and the exchange rate is better for $100 cheques. It helps to bring smaller bills as change is not always available.
When calling Tanzania, you must dial the country code of 255.
Your personal cell phone will work if it is a global cell phone and coverage is spotty. You can buy a Celtel and Vodaphone in Tanzania for about $30 plus minutes. You may want to consider renting one or getting a satellite phone.
Tanzania uses 220 volt current with a U.K. or European plug. On safari, many hotels are on generators or solar power, so electricity may not run all day and all night.
Tanzania is experiencing rolling black outs throughout the country. Some businesses are able to run a generator, but many are without power at random times and days.
Current Time in Tanzania
Moshi is a typical African town. The roads are in horrible shape.
Shopping is limited, and bargaining is the norm. Caucasians may get charged more than an African, so take your guides shopping if possible.
The streets are not safe after dark. You will want a local to escort you if driving or walking after dark. Hide money, all jewelry, and any expensive items you have with you while walking around. There are many pickpockets and scam artists.